I have recently been asked about the upcoming “Black Moon” and seen comments and some confusion on social media concerning both it and the “Blue Moon”…….
This raises an interesting question and one that worthy of debate, but there is another more basic one which must also be considered.
“What significance does a Lunar event have within a Solar Calendar?”
The Blue Moon
A “Blue Moon” occurs when two full moons happen in one calendar month. Since the phase period of the moon is 29.5 days. This occurs about every 2.5 years, and it is the second full moon which is called the “Blue Moon”. There is no physical difference in appearance, the second full moon looks like a regular full moon.
According to certain students folklore, the term “Blue Moon” is at least 400 years old and the earliest known references were intended as examples of improbable events or something that could never happen evolving into the expression “Once in a Blue Moon” which is still popular today.
In the pagan community, however, the term “Blue Moon” has various associations including the knowledge and wisdom of the Crone, or Grandmother Goddess, although I am currently unable to substantiate the origin of these meanings.
The Black Moon
Astrologically speaking, the same cycles hold true with regard to the Black Moon as the Blue and whilst I have been unable to find references on the internet to the “Black Moon” dating to before the late 1990’s, current popular usage appears to imply interesting times for magic around making plans/setting things in motion/new goals and perseverance and motivation to get things done. Although I would suggest that it is best not to perform any workings for new growth, plans or increase until after the peak of any New Moon thus growing with the energies into the Full Moon and likewise reserving works of reduction for the run down into the New Moon.
Historically, primitive societies would have an awareness of the changing of the seasons and the cyclical nature of the moon and its various phases but would not be likely to attach one to the other until an accurate measurement of the year could be made. So it would seem to me that the special significance of the “Blue Moon” and thus also the “black Moon” at their earliest usage could be in occurrence only since the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar in 1582, following errors which had crept into the Julian calendar since its introduction by Julius Cesar, when Pope Gregory XIII introduced it to the Catholic church in order to change the date of Easter, an act which was followed by the catholic countries and states over the following couple of years. Although the European Protestants largely rejected the change because of its ties to the papacy until Protestant Germany changed in 1700 and England (including the American Colonies) in 1752. Countries following Orthodox christianity clung to the Julian calendar until even later…